Fire & Retire !

First hand accounts from
the Napoleonic Wars.

The Iron Duke - Wellington. Napoleon Bonaparte.

Time-Line of 'Arthur Wesley'
who later became Arthur Wellesley,
Duke of Wellington,
the "Iron Duke".

Duke of Wellington. 1769 1st May. Birth of Arthur Wellesley, probably at Dublin.
1781-1784. Arthur Wesley at Eton, but not very enthusiastic about it.
1785. Living in Brussels, where his mother moved, for financial reasons.
1786. Attended Ecole d'Equitation d'Angers.
1787 7th March. Breveted Ensign 73rd Highland Regiment;
          25th December. Lieutenant.

1788 February A.D.C to Westmoreland, Lord-Lieutenant for Ireland.
1790 April. Elected M.P for Trim, Ireland.
1791 30th June. Captain.
1793 30th April. Major in the 33rd. Foot Regiment (West Riding);
          30th September. Lieutenant-Colonel in the 33rd Foot Regiment.

1794-1795 June/March. Campaign in Holland under Moira;
          Engagement at Boxtel;
          Commands the Rear Guard, as the British retreat towards Bremen.
The Storming of Seringapatam.
1796 3rd May. Colonel of the 33rd Foot Regiment;
          End of June Departure for India.

1799 February to May. Wesley participates in the siege and storm of
          5th May. Governor of Seringapatam & Changes his name from
          Wesley to Wellesley.
1799-1801. Colonel Wellesley pacifies Deccan (& Bullum,Wynaad etc.)
          defeats Dhoondia Wao, the "King of the Two Worlds".

1802 29th April. Promoted Major-General (though only on the Indian List).
The Storming of Seringapatam.
1803-1804. 2nd Anglo-Maratha War, Wellington wins his most famous
          Indian battle at Assaye.

1804 1st September. Major-General Wellesley is made a
          Knight of the Order of the Bath.
1805 10th March. Sir Arthur Wellesley KB leaves India;
10th September. Arrival at Dover.

1806 1st April. Elected M.P. for Rye, Sussex;
          10th April. Marries Katherine Pakenham in Dublin.
1807 3rd February. Birth of Arthur Richard Wellesley, future
          2nd Duke of Wellington;
          3rd April. Joins Portland Government as Chief Secretary for Ireland.

1807 Copenhagen Expedition;
          31st July. Sir Arthur Wellesley Second-in-Command to lord Cathcart;
          30th September. Victory at Kjöge.
1808 25th April. Appointed Lieutenant-General (the youngest of the Army!);
The Battle of Roliça.
          17th August. Wellesley's First Victory against the Eagles at Roliça;
          21st August. Victory at Vimeiro.

1809 April. He resigns all political posts in England;
          6th July. Marshal-General of Portugese Army;
          27th-28thJuly. Victory of Talavera;
The Battle of Talavera.
          4th September. Created Viscount Wellinton of Talavera.
1810. Lines of Torres Vedras;
          27th September. Victory at Bussaco, Portugal.

1811 2nd May. Victory at Fuentes de Onoro;
          16th May. Battle of Albuera.
1812 8th-19th January. Siege and Storming of Ciudad Rodrigo;
          February. Earl of Wellington;

The Battle of Salamanca.
          22nd July. Victory of Salamanca;
          12th August. Liberates Madrid;
          18th August. Marquess of Wellington;
          22nd September. Generallissimo of Spanish Armies;
          December. Portugese Title - Duque de Vitoria.

1813 4th March. Knight of the Garter;
          21st June. Victory at Vitoria-Wellington promoted Field Marshal;
          21-30th June. Battle of the Pyrenees;
Entering France across the Bidassoa River.
          31st August. Fall of San Sebastian;
          7th October. Wellington's Armies cross the
          Bidassoa River into France;
          Winter. Battles of San Marcial, La Grande Rhune & Nive
1814 27th February. Victory at Orthez;
          31st March. Allies enter Paris;
          6th April. Napoleon abdicates at Fontainbleau;
          10 April. Wellington wins Battle of Toulouse;
          12th April. Armistice in Southwest France;
          3rd May. Wellington created Duke;
          August. Ambassador in France.

Napoleon escapes and is leaving Elba.
1815 1st February. Replaces Lord Castlereagh at Vienna Congress;
          1st March. Napoleon leaves Elba and invades France
          in reprisal for France's not observing the Treaty of Paris;
          4th May. Arrival in Belgium-Commander-in-Chief
          Allied Forces Belgium
          (The Allies overall CiC was Prinz Schwarzenberg!);
Napoleon meets his Waterloo.
          16th June. Wellington's Victory at Quatre-Bras.
          Blücher's Defeat at Ligny;
          18th June. Wellington and Blücher win the Battle of Waterloo;
          July. Pursuit of Napoleon into France &
          Second Abdication of the Emperor;
          22nd October - to December 1818. Commander in Chief
          Allied Army of Occupation in France.

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Researched & Compiled by Way-Mark.

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Updated: 15th June, 2011.
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